The Dutch and the British improved the design of oceanic vessels, producing faster ships than their catholic rivals. At that time German builders produced a modified hulk which was the most effective bulk carrier in northern Europe. Please email digital@historytoday.com if you have any problems. Relevance. TheShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists.We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA, Australia and even some for South Africa. They generally (but not always) carried a mix of 36-pounder and 24-pounder guns on their primary (lower) gun deck, with lighter cannon (18-pounders and 12-pounders) on the upper deck and 6-pounders on their quarterdecks. The ships owned by the five Admiralties which were 120 (Amsterdam) feet as measured on the upper deck are listed; these were supplemented frequently by ships hired from the VOC or other mercantile source (this was particularly true in 1652, at the outbreak of the 1st Anglo-Dutch War), but only a few of these are mentioned. You may learn of your ancestor’s place of origin by talking to older family members. The 4th Charter ships by 1680 carried between 44 and 56 guns; by 1714 a minimum of 50 guns applied. It was divided into eleven inches (Amsterdamse duim) equal to 2.57393 cm, compared with 2.54 cm for an English inch. Dutch Ships of the Seventeenth Century In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands embarked on one of those amazing explosions of energy and productivity that sometimes make small countries leaders of the world. In 1685 a long-term plan for a battlefleet of 96 ships was agreed in principle (to comprise 20 of the 1st Charter, 28 of the 2nd, 24 of the 3rd and 24 of the 4th), although this target was never fully achieved. This is the period during which the reduced Dutch forces maintained their strength at a lesser level from the conclusion of the War of the Spanish Succession. Note: A few more ships sailed, but inf… Administratively and politically, there was not a single Dutch Navy but five distinct Admiralties. 4 Answers. Surrounded by her wealth, a triumphant Amsterdam regards the rest of the world. Buy Online Access  Buy Print & Archive Subscription. The ships of the 2nd Charter each carried 74 guns. For any additions, please contact project collaborators, as the data are being maintained in an Excel file for easy editing. The first four charters comprised the battlefleet, while the other four (5th to 8th Charters) covered frigates and smaller cruising warships. In 1595-1597, a Dutch fleet sailed to Asia taking the route used by Portuguese ships round the Cape of Good Hope, the southern tip of Africa. The typical armament for one of these ships was 28 x 24pdrs on the lower deck, 28 x 18pdrs on the middle deck, 28 x 12pdrs on the upper deck and 8 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck; however, this varied sometimes. Note that this list is incomplete and will be extended. No three-deckers were built, hence no "Ist Charter" is listed. These hulks brought grain from the Baltic to the Low Countries and carried salt back. The fifth was the Admiralty of Friesland covering the Province of Friesland (indicated by "(F)"), albeit with fewer ships than the other four Admiralties. It is highly recommended. This is a list of Dutch (the United Provinces of the Netherlands) ships of the line, or sailing warships which formed the Dutch battlefleet. You may have seen the names spelled somewhat differently elsewhere. Prior to the first Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch did not have a system of categorising vessels beyond a simple functional division into "ships", "frigates" and lesser ship-rigged "three-mast yachts". The Rotterdam foot was considerably longer - 31.39 cm (equal to almost 1.03 English feet) - and was divided into twelve inches, each of 2.615 cm. The other battlefleet Charters were all two-decked warships. Note that, although the 1685 long-term Plan had called for twenty ships of the 1st Charter to be built, the twentieth and last Dutch three-decker - the Amsterdam Admiralty's 96-gun Haarlem (of 177 ft) was not built until 1721. The ships of the 4th Charter each carried from 50 to 56 guns. However, the Dutch made up in sheer quantity of ships what they lacked in terms of the size of vessels; the list below is incomplete and does not include some of the many hundreds of Dutch warships belonging to the United Provinces between 1579 (when the Netherlands effectively became independent from Spanish control) and 1795 (in which latter year the French invaded and established the puppet state of the Batavian Republic). These boats were used when Explorers like Christopher Columbus, were looking for Asia. In the fifteenth century, however, Dutch shipwrights had been far behind them. Behind came hundreds of transport ships carrying an … In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. The ships of the 3rd Charter each carried between 64 and 68 guns. small boats that were 55-90 feet long. Between 1652 and 1680 the "Charters" underwent drastic revision, but it was still more appropriate to classify ships of the line during this era by their (gundeck) length than by the number of guns carried. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. This project provides an inventory of the ships that brought immigrants from The Netherlands to New Amsterdam between 1609 and 1674. A typical armament was 24 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 24 x 12pdrs on the upper deck, and 16 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck. The Dutch leader had put to sea with 53 warships bristling with 1,700 cannon, a massive amount of firepower. they comprised the battlefleet units. They suffered tremendous losses, made some major blunders, yet managed to sail there and back and so the trip was deemed a success. These ships were rather medium-clippers than the larger extreme-clipper. This is a list of Dutch (the United Provinces of the Netherlands) ships of the line, or sailing warships which formed the Dutch battlefleet. The Dutch revolt (1568–1648) in many ways started with the revolt of the Beggars and the navy was no exception. Why did Dutch ships and traders succeed as world traders in the 1600s? The expedition was commanded by Cornelis de Houtman. Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1619 Margaret 1619 England to Virginia Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1620 The Mayflower And Her Log, July 15, 1620-May 6, 1621 -- Complete. I am interested in finding a picture of this ship and the ships … Note the earlier Oudshoorn of 70 guns was the prize Swiftsure captured from the English at the Four Days Battle in 1666. [2] This programme, which was all built in the period 1664 to 1667, included ten ships of 160 (Amsterdam) feet length or more, now forming the 1st Charter. Listing of immigrants ships from England to the Colonies in the 1600's. In the Western Hemisphere, this left a vacuum of power in the trading world which the Dutch soon filled. This is the period during which the United Provinces fought three Anglo-Dutch Wars - conflicts of 1652-1656, 1665-1667 and 1672-1674; although England withdrew from this contest in 1674, the Dutch remained at war against the French until 1678. However, in the 1660s four ships of the Amsterdam Admiralty were built which were structurally three-deckers (the Spiegel of 1663, followed by the Gouden Leeuw, Witte Olifant and Dolphijn of 1666), but these had only partially-armed upper decks, with guns mounted forwards and aft (under the quarterdeck) but not in the waist at this level. In the south was the Admiralty of Zeeland covering the Province of Zeeland (indicated by "(Z)" preceding a ship's name in the list below). The records you will need to continue your research, such as birth, marriage, and death records, are kept in local areas. Ships of this era have not been separated by Charter in the list below. Several sources may reveal where your ancestor came from. This style only gradually subsided, so ships of the early 1700s still had vast collections of carvings in the stern galleries, though less than the 1690s and before. Dutch ships proceeded on and reached Sumatra and later Java. ... from the early 1600s … Note a further 74-gun ship begun at Amsterdam in 1795 (and thus not for the pre-1795 United Provinces) was launched on 9 August 1796 for the Batavian Republic as Washington - captured by the British in the Vlieter (off Texel) on 28 August 1799 and became HMS Princess of Orange. This period continues until the French occupation of December 1794 to February 1795, following which the five separate Admiralties were replaced on 27 February 1795 by a single committee dealing with all navy affairs. Dutch shipbuilders used more efficient building methods and produced ships of better design than their European rivals. 1556332. Subsequently, having won the Battle of Dungeness in November 1652, Tromp persuaded the Staten-Generaal to add a further class of 150 feet ships as the "1st Charter", although only two of this length were built initially - the Eendracht and Groot Hollandia, both launched at Rotterdam in 1653 and 1654 respectively with 58 guns each. List of ships with links to passenger lists at Olivetree.com. Thus 150 Amsterdam feet equated to 139ft 4 inches in English measurement. The first was originally intended to be named Prins Willem, but Willem himself ruled that it should bear the name Eendracht ("Concord") to honour the relationship between the seven provinces which constituted the United Netherlands. Reports of ships lost at sea without trace were real and frightening to men traveling the oceans. Read this before you email Anne: Frequently Asked Questions. During the 1660s the Dutch added ten ships displacing 1400-1600 tons and mounting 72–84 guns, such as the Amsterdam-built Dolfijn of 1667, and another twenty of 1100 tons, mounting 60–74; it was a remarkably large and rapid programme of construction, which finally put the republic’s battle fleet on the same footing as those of its rivals. Let S(t) represent the average displacement of a ship, in tons, and t the number of years since 1650. Pre-1820 Approximately 650,000 individuals of all nationalities arrived in America before 1820. This list includes ships of the line built (all for the Amsterdam Admiralty) in the period 1661 to 1663, prior to the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The Dutch ships involved in this trade operated from the coasts of Zeeland, Holland and Friesland. The rates of mortality among the crews of slave ships were also high, as they were for the crews of the Dutch East India Company ships on the long voyage to Java. Each Dutch warship belonged exclusively to one or other of the five Admiralties, although in the 17th century the Dutch fleet included many ships of mercantile ownership, particularly those belonging to the Dutch East India Company (VOC). What ships were used in the 1600s? With the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Staten-Generaal ordered the construction of twenty-four large ships, with a second group of twenty-four being added soon after. The Netherlands has no nationwide index to these records. Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp portrait, 1598 – 1653, was a Dutch army general and admiral in the Dutch navy, etching by Bohemian etcher Wenceslaus Hollar from 1600s The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally ‘United East India Company’) was a chartered company established in 1602. The Amsterdam foot (Amsterdamse voet) was equivalent to 28.3133 cm, and thus equated to 0.9289 of an English foot, a factor to bear in mind in any comparisons. The Venetian buss was rapidly supplanted by another Venetian ship, the cog. Armament was often changed, so the number of guns mounted in any ship frequently varied from year to year. These too were two-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 135 ft on the upper deck, 115 ft on the keel, 35 ft in breadth and 14 ft depth in hold. A typical armament for one of these ships was 26 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 26 x 12pdrs on the upper deck, 18 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck and 4 x 3pdrs on the poop. As early as 1605, a Dutch expedition was sent to explore the north coast of Australia and several others followed. It carried a combination of square and lateen sails; its hull was of Mediterranean construction, strength coming from the internal frame and not from the external planking. Online at the Gutenberg Project in text or zipped versions. Bark canoes. In the early 1600s, the Dutch seized control of the Moluccas from the Portuguese. These were all three-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 170 ft on the upper deck, 146¼ ft on the keel, 43 ft in breadth and 16 ft depth in hold. By 1600 Dutch shipbuilders dominated the European market, selling their products to buyers from Riga in the Baltic to Venice in the Adriatic. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. During the 1600s, what made it easy for Dutch ships to reach markets in Germany, France and England? In this article we consider the names of ships making outbound (i.e., from a port in the Netherlands) journeys between 1595 and 1650. Great Britain was often at war in the 1600s and 1700s, and Britain’s enemies attacked ships from the American colonies. The lengths remained the basis of the Charters. By the 1670s the 2nd Charter were all two-decker warships with a number of guns initially around 60 to 74, although by 1680 the 60-gun and 64-gun ships had been relegated to the 3rd Charter. All lengths quoted in this article are measured in Amsterdam feet, taken as the length of the uppermost continuous deck from stem to stern. Richard W. Unger explores how technical superiority, the discovery of the advantages of specialisation in design, and the extensive exploitation of that discovery gave the Dutch domination of the European shipbuilding industry by the beginning of the seventeenth century. The first two of these were launched for the Maas Admiralty in 1653 and 1654. It excludes frigates and lesser warships. In the period of higher international tension, culminating in the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, a massive effort to renew the Dutch navies was undertaken. A similar depiction appears on the lid of the clavichord. However, the larger Brakel and Tromp measured about 160 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to 148ft 7in in British units of measurement), with a breadth of about 45 Amsterdam feet (41¾ British feet) and a depth in hold of 20 Amsterdam feet (18½ British feet). Source: Harding, R., The Evolution of the Sailing Navy, 1509–1815. If you have already purchased access, or are a print & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in. This is the period during which the Dutch provinces consolidated their independence from Spanish rule, forming the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and took part in the Eighty Years' War. In general, they measured between 167 and 168 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to 155ft to 156ft in British units of measurement), with a breadth of 46¾ to 47 Amsterdam feet (about 42ft 10in to 43ft 7in British feet) and a depth in hold of 19 Amsterdam feet (17½ British feet). In the fifteenth century, however, Dutch shipwrights had been far behind them. Dutch Immigration to USA & Canada. At that time German builders produced a modified hulk which was the most effective bulk carrier in northern Europe. The names of Dutch warships were often common to several Admiralties, so that there were vessels bearing the same name in different Admiralties at the same time. Naval history. DUTCH FLEUT An early 17th century merchant ship, similar in design to a bark (barque). - Let me pilot your approach Everyday Dutch Words Basic vocabulary for conversation and reading Useful Words and Phrases for Travelers. Spain and England wrecked each other in a series of conflicts in the 16th century. Arab pirates arming her with cannon would use these ships. April, 1657 The Dutch vessel ... 1 Response to New Amsterdam Ships, 1600 – 1657. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. EAST INDIAMAN The crew of a square-sailed cog of the same size … Other … Supply Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1624 What type of ships did Australians use in the 1600s? Blown off course on their way to the spice islands, Dutch merchant vessels also encountered and began to chart the west coast of Australia. Dutch shipbuilders used more efficient building methods and produced ships of better design than their European rivals. kingfrostabraham. I DO NOT have any secret or additional information. At the start of the 1st Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch navies relied heavily on hired ships to expand their fleet, but a programme to build thirty new ships of the line was promptly started. It excludes frigates and lesser warships. It was followed within a year by a second thirty-ship programme, again consisting of a flagship of 150 (Amsterdam) feet in length (the Groot Hollandia of 1654), and twenty-nine other ships of 130 feet or more. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. Betty Thompson says: August 9, 2013 at 4:44 pm My ancestor sailed from Leiden, Holland in Oct. 1662, on the Pumberlander Kerck. In 1874 a Dutch government investigation into the condition of the shipping industry, called the Enquête of 1874, stated that in 1868 sixteen clipper ships with a total tonnage of 6000 tons, were registered. The 1st Charter comprised the largest two-deckers before 1680, then subsequently covered the three-deckers (for which see note below). By the late 18th century, up to 70% of the soldiers manning the ships of the Dutch East India Company came from outside the Netherlands. From 1682 twenty complete three-deckers were built, the last in 1721; these comprised the 1st Charter issued on 15 February 1680, and provided for these to have dimensions of 170 (Amsterdam) feet on the gundeck (146 ft 3 in on the keel) x 43 feet x 16 ft. After these twenty, no further 1st Charter ships were built by the Netherlands. You can also see the scattering of journeys made by Dutch ships to Svalbard, off the North coast of the Norwegian mainland. These were also all two-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 145 ft on the upper deck, 123½ ft on the keel, 37½ ft in breadth and 14¼ ft depth in hold. A typical armament for one of these ships was 22 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 22 x 8pdrs on the upper deck, and 8 x 4pdrs on the quarterdeck. [1] The former coincided with the English categories of 1st to 4th Rates, i.e. These were all two-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 156 ft on the upper deck, 133½ ft on the keel, 41 ft in breadth and 15 ft depth in hold. 17th Century Dutch Merchant Ships is a remarkable achievement, and would be an excellent addition to the library of any maritime historian or model ship builder. Dhows were meant to be trading ships, having a single mast which was lateen-rigged. William the Silent, the leader of the revolt, issued letters of marque under his authority as sovereign Prince of Orange.These roving bands of ships became known as the Sea Beggars.Their capture of Brielle was the first significant victory of the revolt, and led to the … Such misfortunes were often believed to be the result some misbehavior of a crew member and a sailor might be ostracized for his deed. The list below is continued beyond 1795 to include other ships originally ordered for the United Netherlands but subsequently brought into service for the (French dominated) Batavian Republic. Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch, 1631 - 1708, Ships in Distress off a Rocky Coast, 1667, oil on canvas, Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund, 1985.29.1 4 of 10 During the 1630s and 1640s, Dutch landscapes and still lifes underwent a monochromatic phase in which a … They were from 150 to 200-ton ships. The shipbuilding industry was one of the cornerstones of the economic prosperity of the golden century. The success of the industry was based on its 1nw costs and on the technical superiority of its product. By 1680, following the end of the later Anglo-Dutch Wars, the Staten-Generaal divided the warships of the five Admiralties into eight charters. In general, they chiefly between 154 and 156 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to between 143ft and 144ft 10in in British units of measurement. Ships of this era are not separated by Charter or Rate, as the categorisation system did not operate before 1652. He calls the western part of the new continent ‘New Holland’. The Chaleur, a Marblehead schooner, represents a common type in the Massachusetts fishing fleet. In the case of the Dutch, their prominence was all about ships and the sea. This is the period during which the United Provinces fought in alliance with the English Navy against the French fleet of Louis XIV. To outrun danger, New England shipbuilders developed fast-sailing schooners. The vessels were owned by a shipping company in Amsterdam by name of “Compagnie van Verre” (“Far Travel Trade Partnership”). These were inexpensive to build, and could carry a large cargo. Reviewed by Bob Filipowski the … Ship - Ship - 17th-century developments: With the emergence of the eastern trade about 1600 the merchant ship had grown impressively. This comprised a flagship of 150 (Amsterdam) feet in length (the Eendracht of 1653), and twenty-nine other ships of 130 feet or more. They usually carried 18-pounders (or a mixture of 24-pounders and 18-pounders) on the lower deck.
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